- Number of firms reporting increased activity improves on previous quarter
- Tourism and hospitality industries remain the hardest hit
- Businesses expect a decline in activity and the potential for redundancies over the next six months
As the Job Retention Scheme is extended in Scotland, a major survey conducted with more than 500 organisations across the country highlights that sentiment amongst the Scottish business community remains unsettled.
The Addleshaw Goddard Scottish Business Monitor, produced in partnership with the Fraser of Allander Institute, indicates that despite a number of firms reporting an increase in their volume of business on the previous quarter, economic and policy uncertainty is accelerating nervousness around activity levels and job security over the next six months.
The tourism and hospitality industries remain the two sectors hardest hit, with almost 70% of businesses operating in this area expecting to cut jobs by the end of the year before it was confirmed that the Job Retention Scheme will be extended until March 2021.
More generally, 40% of firms expect a drop in the volume of business over the next six months and 20% expect a decrease in staff numbers. Despite this, reassuringly the majority of businesses who responded to the survey reported secure or very secure cashflow positions over the same period.
Other key findings include:
- The number of firms reporting an increase in their volume of business has improved on the previous quarter. However, this remains negative for the third consecutive quarter.
- The number of firms reporting an expected increase in volume of business and level of employment for the next six months is also down on the previous quarter.
- Just under 40% of firms reported being insecure or very insecure about their cashflow positions.
- Over the next six months, when compared to normal levels of operation, the average firm expects to operate between 76-99% capacity, an improvement on the Business Monitor published in July 2020. However, more than one in four businesses expect to be operating at under 50% capacity.
- The majority of firms are not hopeful for the outlook of the Scottish economy over the next year. Only 2% of firms expected strong growth for the economy in comparison to 82% of firms expecting a weak or very weak performance.
- Just under 40% of businesses expect to decrease their numbers of staff between October and the end of 2020. Around 23% of businesses expect it will only be a reduction of staff numbers by 1 – 10%, with a further 11% expecting a reduction between 10 - 25%. This was before the latest announcement of the extension of the furlough scheme.
- Business support of both the Scottish and UK governments’ handling of the current crisis has declined since summer. The Scottish Government is rated higher than the UK Government for its response to the public health crisis, but lower for understanding the challenges that business face and supporting businesses through the pandemic.
Graeme Roy, Director of the Fraser of Allander Institute, said: “Unsurprisingly, the majority of businesses in Scotland remain apprehensive about the outlook as we continue to navigate our way through a turbulent economic period.
“The decision to extend furlough to March will clearly have been a great relief to many businesses and their employees. This survey found that many companies – across a range of staff – were planning on cutting back their staffing levels before the end of the year. But the lateness of the announcement won’t have helped many employees who will have been made redundant, particularly given that most businesses are predicting very weak growth over the next few months.
“In the survey, we also begin to look ahead to the ‘new normal’. We find that for many businesses, the increase in home working is here to stay. 28% of businesses surveyed plan to reduce their office space in the future in response to home working. But interestingly, we find that only 1 in 10 firms believe that home working has helped their productivity with a majority reporting challenges in managing staff and collaborate working.”
Tom Speirs, Finance Partner and Head of Social Care at Addleshaw Goddard, said: “Compared to findings in the previous Business Monitor, results indicate that opinions on government support at a UK and Scotland level have weakened. The extension of the Job Retention Scheme until March 2021 will hopefully give thousands of businesses increased confidence as the country continues to adapt.
“Despite the general feeling of apprehension within the Scottish business sector, we must take some positivity from the survey findings as a significant share of businesses feel secure about their finances and are not overly concerned about credit availability in the coming months. Although many organisations will have to make difficult decisions in the months ahead, we are optimistic that we will soon be working towards a robust recovery.”