The survey shows expected fall in activity and outlook, but government support schemes anticipated to be effective
The global coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has already led to a sharp and exceptional impact on Scotland’s economy, with a challenging period still to come, according to one of the first major surveys of Scotland’s business community following the onset of the global health emergency.
The latest Addleshaw Goddard Scottish Business Monitor, produced in a partnership between the Fraser of Allander Institute and international law firm, Addleshaw Goddard, indicates the net number of firms seeing an increase in their volume of business during Q1 2020 fell to its lowest level since Q1 2009. The outlook for the next six months looks even more stark, as would be expected, with the outlook being the most negative since the survey began in 1998.
With the spread of COVID-19 recognised as a global health emergency and appropriate measures being put in place to slow it spreading, the survey suggests the economic implications are being felt by a significant number of businesses across a wide variety of sectors.
Economists from the Fraser of Allander Institute highlight how the scale of the downturn actually reflects the success of the shutdown in our economy to protect public health. In the long-run, investing in the nation’s public health is an investment in the economy. To help provide a bridge, Government aid schemes have been implemented to minimise long-term impacts, and to help activity to pick up once the crisis subsides.
The detailed results from the Scottish Business Monitor, drawn from nearly 500 Scottish-based businesses’ survey responses between 1st April and 8th April, indicate:
- Chiming with the sentiment for the overall outlook, 85% of businesses expect growth in the Scottish economy to be weak or very weak over the next 12 months. This is an increase from 53% in the previous quarter.
- 51% of businesses reported a reduction in the number of staff due to the pandemic, while 81% said they have reduced the number of hours staff are working.
- On average, firms expect wages to fall over the next six months, with the number expecting wages to rise, falling from 72% in Q4 2019 to 27% in the current quarter.
- 80% of businesses state that credit availability over the next three months will be very important or important, up from 53% in the previous quarter. This is a reversal of a long-term trend seen over the last few years as credit availability has been less of an issue for businesses.
- 89% of businesses stated their turnover has been impacted since the beginning of March because of coronavirus.
- When asked how long businesses could survive under current levels of trading, of those who knew, 54% said less than three months while a further 32% said they could survive for four to six months.
Whilst these findings provide a stark indication of the shock the Scottish business community has felt in recent weeks, there is optimism that Government schemes will not only support businesses throughout the downturn but may also provide a platform for future economic recovery.
According to the report, more than 95% of businesses believe the ‘Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme’ being put in place will be very effective/effective in supporting their survival during the pandemic, suggesting businesses are – where possible – working hard to retain staff as much as possible rather than opting for redundancies.
Whilst there remain some teething issues with the various schemes, overall, they have been well received across the Scottish business community, and are recognised for the extraordinary and unprecedented measures they are.
Commenting on the findings, Graeme Roy, Director of the Fraser of Allander Institute, said:
“As we reach the end of the third week of the lockdown in our economy, the scale of the challenge facing businesses in Scotland is clearly set out in this latest Business Monitor.
“It is important to remember that the shutdown of all but essential activities in our economy is entirely the right response to the crisis both from a public health and long-term economic perspective. But the immediate consequences for individual firms and their employees are stark.
“The outlook for the next six months is the weakest we have seen since the survey began 22 years ago, with a sharp drop in employment and turnover.
“In time, and once we get through the public health emergency as safely as possible, we will need to turn our attention to rebuilding. Re-starting our economy, when the time is right, will require careful thought. Planning out how businesses can open-up once again, under what conditions, and at what capacity, will take time. Difficult decisions will be required about which sectors and businesses to prioritise. All of this should be done as a partnership between business their employees and policymakers, with public health advice paramount.”
David Kirchin, partner and head of corporate at Addleshaw Goddard in Scotland, said:
"CV-19 has clearly and very quickly had a profound effect on businesses and this casts a temporary shadow over the overall outlook for business activity, investment and employment in Scotland, which last year was the highest it had been for six years. There is no escaping the scale of the challenge over the coming weeks and months and there is no single formula for every business to follow. But like any crisis, this one will end. Until then businesses grappling with cash-flow and other short-term issues would be advised to access the very substantial support from government and the wider business community to navigate these challenging times."
Prior to the outbreak, the Scottish economy was moving in a positive direction with growth of 0.3% during the final quarter of 2019 and 0.7% over the year.
Explore the quarterly Scottish Business Monitor and Sector Specific Reports we publish in a partnership with the University of Strathclyde’s economic research unit, the Fraser of Allander Institute.
Notes to editors:
About the Scottish Business Monitor
Launched in 1998 – and now in its 22nd year – the Scottish Business Monitor is one of Scotland’s preeminent trackers of business sentiment and activity.
Compiled by the Fraser of Allander Institute – an independent economics research institute at the University of Strathclyde – the Business Monitor compiled responses from almost 500 businesses across Scotland between 1st to 8th April 2020 – and from a range of sectors – on issues such as business activity, investment, employment prospects and turnover/costs.
The Scottish Business Monitor is published weeks in advance of official growth data on the Scottish economy. It also provides a detailed assessment of sentiment in the business community, including investment and recruitment intentions.
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