The Central Africa Republic has a civil law system based on the French model
Faustin-Archange TOUADERA (since 30 March 2016)
Gold and diamond mining, logging, brewing, sugar refining
French (official), Sangho (lingua franca and national language), tribal languages
Christianity (Majority religion) and Islam
- Capital markets
Current number of listed companies
5 listed companies
The BVMAC is a public limited company with a public service mission, in charge of the organization and management of the sub-regional financial market. The BVMAC sets the conditions for admission to the permanent stock market listing, the method and rules of listing, the method of stock orders entries, the conduct of meetings and the official publication of the stock prices. It also lays down the procedures for the practical implementation of public offers, the mandatory financial coverage of brokerage firms. The main function of the BVMAC is the management of the quotation system and the registration of trades in listed securities. As a market operator, the BVMAC determines the practical rules of operation and admission of securities on the stock exchange as well as the market compartments.
Regulatory body or bodies
- Regulation No.06/03 Economic and Monetary Community of Central African States (CEMAC)
- UMAC dated 12 November 2003 regulating the organisation, functioning and supervision of financial markets in Central Africa
- General regulation of COSUMAF dated 15 January 2009
Corporate Governance Code
Takeover / merger regulations
Public offers / disclosure regulations
General regulation of COSUMAF dated 15 January 2009
- Competition regulation
- Law No 2016-06 of 30 December 2016 on Commercial Code
- Regulation No 1/99/UEAC-CM-639 of 25 June 1999 on the regulation of the anti-competitive business practice
- The Cotonou Agreement
Impact of regulatory regime on business
The provisions of the law covers the following points:
- Free prices
- Anti-competitive practice
- National Competition Commission
- Corruption / transparency
Corruption Perception Index rank worldwide for 2022
Signatories to United Nations Convention Against Corruption (UNAC)?
Corruption Perception Index score for 2022
Signatories to the OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions?
Signatories to the African Union Convention on Preventing and Combating Corruption?
As a state member of OHADA, the Central African Republic is subject to the OHADA Arbitration Law dated 23 November 2017 which governs the arbitration law of all members of OHADA. It is intended to apply to any internal or international arbitration, whether ad hoc or institutional.
The Uniform Act on Arbitration (Uniform Act) does not limit arbitration to commercial and professional matters - individuals and corporate bodies alike may refer their dispute to arbitration.
There are two kinds of magistrates in Central African Republic:
- Magistrates of the seat (em magistrats de siège) ; and
- Magistrates of public ministry (em magistrats du parquet or ministère public) who are subject to the authority of the Ministry of Justice.
Enforcement of foreign judgments
A foreign judgment is enforceable only by virtue of an exequatur. The exequatur is granted by a decision of the President of the Competent Court where the defendant is domiciled or where the execution should be carried out.
Effectiveness of the court system
The time it takes for a case to be heard is dependent on the complexity of the case.
Structure of the court system
- High Court of Justice
- Court of Cassation
- Council of the State
- Court of Auditors
- The Court of Jurisdictional Conflict (Special Court)
- Foreign investments
Foreign investment incentives
The Government of the Central African Republic officially encourages foreign investment, particularly from regional partners in the Economic and Monetary Community of Central African States (CEMAC), the Economic Community of Central African States (CEEAC) and the Organization for the Harmonization of Business Laws in Africa (OHADA). These groups seek to standardize tax policies, customs practices, and commercial law and, in the case of CEEAC, support a free trade zone of member states.
According to the Investment Charter of the Central African Republic, industrial companies or newly created vehicles whose level of investment is less than a 100 million FCFA shall enjoy the customs and tax benefits provided for in the Investment Charter for a period of three years. All companies may apply for Investment Charter Benefits except for those involved in logging, mining and tourism.
Foreign investor rules
In terms of legislation, the Central African Republic has adopted Investment, Act No. 01-010 of 16 July 2001 (the Act). This Act is made under the provisions of the Community Charter Investment in the CEMAC zone, the general framework is intended to improve the legal, economic and institutional domestic and foreign investments in the territory of the Central African Republic
Law No 2016-06 of 30 December 2016 on Commercial Code
Law No 07-020 of 28 December 2007 regulating telecommunications
Law No 07-021 of 28 December 2007 fixing the taxes and royalties for the establishment and/or the exploitation of the networks and services in the Central African Republic territory
The exchange control regulations in the countries of the CEMAC are based on common provisions arising from their membership in the Franc Zone and the adoption of Article VIII of the International Monetary Fund.
The responsibility for exchange control is held by the Ministry of Finance and the BEAC which may delegate any of their powers to licensed banks and the Post Office.
Payroll tax and social security
The Payroll Tax
10% to 50% tax on gross salaries - payable on a monthly basis (at the latest, payable within 15 days after the end of the month).
The Social Security Contribution is about 15.8% of gross salaries. It is payable on a monthly basis.
- 18% on interest paid to a company or individual. Exemptions available
- 10% on interest paid to a bank or stockbroker account
- 20% on interest on cash vouchers
Stamp duty applies to all civil and judicial acts and writings that can be produced in court and to be used as proof.
Value added tax
19% VAT on taxable goods and products payable on a monthly basis.
Losses may be carried forward for three years.
20% paid on royalties to a non-resident.
Export processing zone
There are no export processing zones.
Technical service fees
20% paid to a non-resident company.
15% tax rate
Real property tax
Personal income tax
Capital gains tax
10% part of ordinary business income.
30% corporate tax on taxable profits on an annual basis.
Thin cap regulations
There are no specific thin capitalisation rules but there are limitations on minimum equity-to-loss ratio.